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This Month In Tech History – The Atari

This Month In Tech History – The Atari

This Month In Tech History – The Atari

This Month In Tech History

Atari Launches Home Video Gaming.

The Atari

October 14, 1977

Atari releases their Video Computer System (known as the VCS and later as the Atari 2600). It took two years for the VCS to gain traction, but by 1979 it was the best selling gift of the Christmas season. Once it was established, the Atari VCS took the market by storm, popularised home video gaming, and helped cement the video game movement into mainstream culture, in our latest short blog we look back at the phenomenon that was the Atari.

Atari SA is a French corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.The original Atari, Inc., founded in Sunnyvale, California in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers. The company’s products, such as Pong and the Atari 2600, helped define the electronic entertainment industry from the 1970s to the mid-1980s.

In 1973, Atari secretly spawned a competitor called Kee Games, headed by Nolan’s next door neighbour Joe Keenan, to circumvent pinball distributors’ insistence on exclusive distribution deals; both Atari and Kee could market virtually the same game to different distributors, each getting an “exclusive” deal. Joe Keenan’s management of the subsidiary led to him being promoted president of Atari that same year

In 1976, Bushnell, through Grass Valley, CA firm Cyan Engineering, started development of a flexible console that was capable of playing the four existing Atari games. The result was the Atari Video Computer System, or VCS (later renamed 2600 when the 5200 was released). The introductory price of $199 (equivalent to $856 in 2017) included a console, two joysticks, a pair of paddles, and the Combat game cartridge. Bushnell knew he had another potential hit on his hands but bringing the machine to market would be extremely expensive. Looking for outside investors, Bushnell sold Atari to Warner Communications in 1976 for an estimated $28–32 million, using part of the money to buy the Folgers Mansion. Nolan continued to have disagreements with Warner Management over the direction of the company, the discontinuation of the pinball division, and most importantly, the notion of discontinuing the 2600. In 1978, Kee Games was disbanded. In December of that year, Nolan Bushnell was fired following an argument with Manny Gerard. “[W]e started fighting like cats and dogs. And then the wheels came off that fall. Warner claimed they fired me,” recalled Bushnell. “I say I quit. It was a mutual separation.”

Development of a successor to the 2600 started as soon as it shipped. The original team estimated the 2600 had a lifespan of about three years; it then set forth to build the most powerful machine possible within that time frame. Mid-way into their effort the home computer revolution took off, leading to the addition of a keyboard and features to produce the Atari 800 and its smaller sibling, the 400. The new machines had some success when they finally became available in quantity in 1980. From this platform Atari released their next-generation game console in 1982, the Atari 5200. It was unsuccessful due to incompatibility with the 2600 game library, a small quantity of dedicated games, and notoriously unreliable controllers.

1980s as interference from the New York-based Warner management increasingly affected daily operations. Its home computer, video game console, and arcade divisions operated independently and rarely cooperated. Faced with fierce competition and price wars in the game console and home computer markets, Atari was never able to duplicate the success of the 2600.

These problems were followed by the video game crash of 1983, with losses that totalled more than $500 million. Warner’s stock price slid from $60 to $20, and the company began searching for a buyer for its troubled division.
In 1984, as a result of the video game crash of 1983, the original Atari Inc. was split, and the arcade division was turned into Atari Games Inc. Atari Games received the rights to use the logo and brand name with appended text “Games” on arcade games, as well as rights to the original 1972–1984 arcade hardware properties. The Atari Consumer Electronics Division properties were in turn sold to Jack Tramiel’s Tramel Technology Ltd., which then renamed itself to Atari Corporation.

In 1996, Atari Corporation reverse-merged with disk-drive manufacturer JT Storage (JTS),becoming a division within the company. In 1998, Hasbro Interactive acquired all Atari Corporation related properties from JTS, creating a new subsidiary, Atari Interactive.

Infogrames Entertainment (IESA) bought Hasbro Interactive in 2001 and renamed it Infogrames Interactive, which intermittently published Atari branded titles. In 2003, it renamed the division Atari Interactive. Another IESA division, Infogrames Inc. (formerly GT Interactive]), changed its name to Atari Inc. the same year, licensing the Atari name and logo from its fellow subsidiary.

In October 2001, Infogrames (now Atari SA) announced that it was “reinventing” the Atari brand with the launch of three new games featuring a prominent Atari branding on their boxarts: Splashdown, MX Rider and TransWorld Surf. Infogrames used Atari as a brand name for games aimed at 18–34 year olds. Other Infogrames games under the Atari name included V-Rally 3, Neverwinter Nights, Stuntman and Enter the Matrix.

On May 7, 2003, Infogrames had its majority-owned, but discrete US subsidiary Infogrames NA officially renamed Atari, Inc. renamed its European operations to Atari Europe but kept the original name of the main company Infogrames Entertainment. The original Atari holdings division purchased from Hasbro, Hasbro Interactive, was also made a separate corporate entity renamed as Atari Interactive.

On March 6, 2008, Infogrames made an offer to Atari Inc. to buy out all remaining public shares for a value of $1.68 per share, or $11 million total. The offer would make Infogrames sole owner of Atari Inc., thus making it a privately held company. On April 30, 2008, Atari Inc. announced its intentions to accept Infogrames’ buyout offer and to merge with Infogrames. On October 8, 2008, Infogrames completed its acquisition of Atari Inc., making it a wholly owned subsidiary

On December 9, 2008, Atari announced that it had acquired Cryptic Studios, a MMORPG developer.

Namco Bandai purchased a 34% stake in Atari Europe on May 14, 2009, paving the way for its acquisition from Infogrames. Atari had significant financial issues for several years prior, with losses in the tens of millions since 2005.

In May 2009, Infogrames Entertainment SA, the parent company of Atari, and Atari Interactive, announced it would change its name to Atari SA.

In April 2010, Atari SA board member and former CEO David Gardner resigned. Original Atari co-founder Nolan Bushnell joined the board as a representative for Blubay holdings.

As of March 31, 2011, the board of directors consisted of Frank Dangeard, Jim Wilson, Tom Virden, Gene Davis and Alexandra Fichelson

On January 21, 2013, the four related companies Atari, Atari Interactive, Humongous, and California US Holdings filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. All three Ataris emerged from bankruptcy one year later and the entering of the social casino gaming industry with Atari Casino.Frederic Chesnais, who now heads all three companies, stated that their entire operations consist of a staff of 10 people.

On June 22, 2014, Atari announced a new corporate strategy that would include a focus on “new audiences”, specifically “LGBT, social casinos, real-money gambling, and YouTube”

On June 8, 2017 a short teaser video was released, promoting a new product; and the following week CEO Fred Chesnais confirmed the company was developing a new games console – the hardware was stated to be based on PC technology, and still under development. In mid July 2017 an Atari press release confirmed the existence of the aforementioned new hardware, referred to as the Ataribox. The box design was derived from early Atari designs (e.g. 2600) with a ribbed top surface, and a rise at the back of the console; two versions were announced: one with a traditional wood veneer front, and the other with a glass front. Connectivity options were revealed, including HDMI, USB (x4), and SD card – the console was said to support both classic and current games.Also, according to an official company statement of June 22, 2017, the product was to be initially launched via a crowdfunding campaign in order to minimize any financial risk to the parent company

On September 26, 2017, Atari sent out a press release about the new “Atari VCS”, which confirmed more details about the console. It will run a Linux operating system, with full access to the underlying OS, but it will have a custom interface designed for the TV.

Did you own the original Atari ?

Blog was completed by Recycle Your Tec.

 

 

 

 

What is the most downloaded Application in the World ?

What is the most downloaded Application in the World

What is the most downloaded Application in the World?

 

Tik Tok

Tik Tok, Known as Douyin in China is a music video and social media app. The app lets you shoot and edit short clips, then add music and special effects to them. Tik Tok is owned by the same parent company that bought social video app Musical.ly for $1 billion last year.

According to Sensor Tower, Tik Tok has become a “total phenomenon” in China in recent months. In the first quarter of 2018, the app was downloaded an estimated 45.8 million times.

The app reached 150 million daily active users (500 million monthly active users) in June 2018, its seen as the most downloaded app in the world, beating Facebook-owned apps like WhatsApp, Messenger, Instagram, even the powerful video-sharing application YouTube.

Recent History

On 23 January 2018, the app ranked No.1 among free mobile app downloads on App stores in Thailand. In February 2018,
Tik Tok launched a partnership with Modern Sky to monetize music.
On August 2nd, 2018, Tik Tok merged their app with musical.ly to create a “bigger and better video community”. They kept the name Tik Tok and both app users joined to continue creating on one platform.
Aug 2018, TikTok’s global talent campaign One Million Audition is in Russia for the first time.

Available on Android and the App store, just search for Tik Tok, just it out today.

This blog was completed by Recycle Your Tec, view our website here.

 

 

 

Tech History – Compact Disk

Tech History – Compact Disk

Tech History – Compact Disk

In a new blog we will be looking back at periods in time when the newest craze or groundbreaking technology was released.

Tech History – Compact Disk

August 17, 1982

“The Visitors” by ABBA becomes the world’s first commercial music compact disc (CD) manufactured, pressed in Langenhagen, Germany by Polygram Records, a subsidiary of Royal Phillips Electronics.

Phillips and Sony co-developed the CD standard, which was designed to be the successor to the phonograph record. By the time the CD went on sale in November of that year, about 150 titles had been produced.The album gain worldwide recognition, winning a Platinum award in the United Kingdom ( 300,000 sales ) and Germany ( 500,000 sales ), compare that to today when all album are downloaded onto a smart phone instantly.

Digital music singles downloaded in the United States In 2017 we’re approximately 553.5 million, down from 743 million a year earlier, it’s crazy to think that you had to stack all the cd case up or even have a folder for easy storage. Now you just need good phone memory, or even stream them from a cloud based app like Google Play Music, Amazon Music, Spotify and SoundCloud.

Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was originally developed to store and play only sound recordings (CD-DA) but has later been adapted for storage of data (CD-ROM). Several other formats were further derived from these, including write-once audio and data storage (CD-R), rewritable media (CD-RW), Video Compact Disc (VCD), Super Video Compact Disc (SVCD), Photo CD, PictureCD, CD-i, and Enhanced Music CD. The first commercially available audio CD player, the Sony CDP-101, was released October 1982 in Japan.

Standard CDs can hold up to about 80 minutes of uncompressed audio or about 700 MiB of data. The Mini CD we’re sometimes used for CD singles, storing up to 24 minutes of audio, or delivering device drivers. At the time of the technology’s introduction in 1982, a CD could store much more data than a personal computer hard drive, which would typically hold 10 MB. By 2010, hard drives commonly offered as much storage space as a thousand CDs, while their prices had plummeted to commodity level.

In 2004, worldwide sales of audio CDs, CD-ROMs and CD-Rs reached about 30 billion discs. By 2007, 200 billion CDs had been sold worldwide. From the early 2000s CDs were increasingly being replaced by other forms of digital storage and distribution, with the result that by 2010 the number of audio CDs being sold in the U.S. had dropped about 50% from their peak; however, they remained one of the primary distribution methods for the music industry.

Do you still buy CD’s ?

This short blog was completed by Recycle Your Tec.

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Tech History – Apple Lisa

Tech History – Apple Lisa

Tech History – Apple Lisa

Tech-History

Before the iMac or even the iMac Pro, came the Apple Lisa, the desktop computer was developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983. It was one of the first personal computers to offer a graphical user interface in a machine aimed at individual business users.
Originally intended to sell for $2,000 and ship in 1981, the Lisa is delayed until 1983 and sells for $10,000. Utilizing technology that is ahead of its time, the high cost, with a 5 MB hard drive, relatively low performance and unreliable Apple FileWare, or “Twiggy” floppy disks, led to poor sales, with only 100,000 units sold ultimately sink the success of the Lisa.

Much of the technology introduced by the Lisa influenced the development of the Macintosh as well as other future computer and operating system designs, as in 1982 Steve Jobs joins the Macintosh project, at that time developing a much more limited machine with task-switching interface. Jobs redirected the Macintosh team to build a cheaper and better version of Lisa, releasing it in January 1984. quickly outstripping Lisa sales.

Newer versions of the Lisa were introduced that addressed its original faults and had lowered its price considerably, but it failed to achieve favorable sales compared to the much less expensive Mac. The final revision of the Lisa, the Lisa 2/10, was modified and sold as the Macintosh XL.

The Lisa operating system features protected memory, enabled by a crude hardware circuit compared to the Sun-1 workstation (c. 1982), which featured a full memory management unit. Based, in part, on elements from the failed Apple III SOS operating system released three years earlier, the Lisa’s disk operating system also organizes its files in hierarchical directories, as did UNIX workstations of the time which were the main competition to Lisa in terms of price and hardware. Filesystem directories enable the use of GUI “folders” with the Lisa, as with previous Xerox PARC computers from which the Lisa borrowed heavily. Conceptually, the Lisa resembles the Xerox Star in the sense that it was envisioned as an office computing system. Consequently, Lisa has two main user modes: the Lisa Office System and the Workshop.

The Lisa Office System is the GUI environment for end users. The Workshop is a program development environment and is almost entirely text-based, though it uses a GUI text editor. The Lisa Office System was eventually renamed “7/7”, in reference to the seven supplied application programs: LisaWrite, LisaCalc, LisaDraw, LisaGraph, LisaProject, LisaList, and LisaTerminal.

The operating system – rather than the applications themselves – is incapable of supporting the demands of advanced users and is prone to crash then restart under heavy load from large, complex spreadsheets or graphs produced from
them. Apple’s warranty said that this software works precisely as stated, and Apple refunded an unspecified number of users in full for their systems. These operating system frailties, and costly (to Apple) recalls, combined with the very high price point led to the failure of the Lisa in the marketplace.

BYTE wrote in February 1983 after previewing the Lisa that it was “the most important development in computers in the last five years, easily outpacing [the IBM PC]”. It acknowledged that the $9,995 price was high, and concluded “Apple is not unaware that most people would be incredibly interested in a similar but less expensive machine. We’ll see what happens”.

Apple sold approximately 100,000 Lisa machines at a price of $9995, generating sales in total close to a billion US dollars, against a development cost of 50 US million dollars.

An often-overlooked feature the Lisa system used is its early approach of document-centric[citation needed] computing instead of application-centric computing. On a Macintosh, Windows, or Linux system, a user typically seeks a program. In the Lisa system, users use stationery to begin using an application. Apple implemented stationery documents on System 7 in 1991 and attempted to further advance this approach on the Mac platform later with OpenDoc. Microsoft also later implemented stationery in a limited fashion via the Windows Start menu for Microsoft Office.

iMac

 

Today’s Mac is faster and more powerful than ever, iMac is now equipped with seventh-generation Intel Core i5 and i7 processors and the latest high-performance graphics. Storage kicks into high gear as well, with the speedy and spacious Fusion Drive now available in standard configurations of both the 27‑inch and 21.5‑inch Retina models.

While at its time the machine looked state of the art, looking back being able to compare it to today’s Imac, it’s amazing to think how far technology has come in 30 years.

What’s better for university a laptop or tablet?

What’s better for university a laptop or tablet

What’s better for university a laptop or tablet?

Laptop-or-tablet

We all understand how challenging is it to save money for university and the course you are about to undertake,Having the right laptop or tablet can help with your studies but, which is right for you?

It all depends on the course you’re taking,

An Art degree – A Microsoft surface will do wonders to help with your art work, thanks to its Overall Portability and its lightweight surface pen.

Maybe your taking a law or business degree, which will require you to do alot of writing, OneNote is a great free tool for the iPad and Windows based laptops, it enables you to take notes as if it was in a well organised, digital notepad.

Tablets are a great way to take notes, but make sure you back them up at least once a week, you don’t want to lose this invaluable information.

But what’s better?

Laptops can be heavy to take to a lecture every day, but there are some really great ones on the market which are lightweight that could slip into your bag, They also run programs such as Microsoft OneNote or Word so you’re not missing out on the well-organised note taking apps, even consider using Google Docs which instantly saves your work to its exceptional cloud ( not that cloud )

Small Laptops

It’s hard to know what type of laptop you need, depending on what you’ll be using it for and what programs you’ll be running, a Core i3 or i5 would be ideal, with around a 14 -inch screen, this is quick, small and lightweight, perfect for carrying to your lectures.

There’s a range of great 14-inch devices on the market right now too.

Tablets and Dual Devices

Alternatively, if you’re looking for a laptop that converts to a tablet, there are gadgets such as the Microsoft Surface. These lightweight mini laptop tablets are great for travelling with, and using in different environments; although the small screens could prove problematic when writing long assignments.

Regardless of the device you get, make sure you backup your work at least once a month, alternatively use Google Docs which saves instantly to the cloud and your account.

Blog completed by Recycle Your Tec.

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What effects do toxic E-Waste have

What effects do toxic E-Waste have?

What effects do toxic E-Waste have ?

E-Waste

“E-waste is a problem that isn’t going away anytime soon” but together we all can make a difference, what effects does toxic E ( Electronic ) waste have ?

E-Waste accounts for 40% of the lead and 75% of heavy metals found in landfills, When e-waste is warmed up, the toxic chemicals are released into the air, damaging the atmosphere, it pollutes groundwater (kills animals), acidification of soil and it can have major effects on the human body too, lung cancer, damage to DNA, to the heart, live and spleen, it even could promote chronic damage to the brain.

What E- waste are the main causers of this ?

E-Waste

 

It’s estimated around 15-20% of all E-Waste is recycled per year, that 15-20% of 2m tonnes that UK households and companies discard on a yearly basis, the rest is simply dumped into a landfill, its also estimated around 50 million tons of E-~Waste are produced worldwide, if we think about just 15-20% of that being recycled, that would leave 42.5 million tons of E-Waste sitting in our landfills worldwide and alot of these items can we recycled & reused.

Just with Recycle Your Tec alone, we accepted all forms of items be it damaged or in working order, we recycle the item into less fortunate countries and proved these with a New Lease Of Life, if the item is unusable, our partners simply use it for parts to fix the next item, reducing the risk of being dumped into a landfill.

It worrying to think that these numbers will just keep increasing year by year as technology improves and the latest items are released, like me, I’m sure you want the latest and greatest out on the market and that’s not a bad thing, it helps provide jobs, increases our infrastructure but this shouldn’t come at a price of our health, our wildlife and environment.

E-Waste

 

The next time you buy a new phone, laptop or PC just think about what you are going to do with your old one, donating it to loved ones is a great start, but be careful on who you give the items too, you might just be giving it away thinking that all recycle companies are just that, recycling, but they might just be throwing this into a landfill regardless if the items works or if it could be reused.

Companies like Recycle Your Tec, provides a service to individuals looking to recycle used technology, be it coming from a school, business, charity and giving these items New Lease Of Life scheme, the goods are then given a new home in Africa, Asia and parts of Europe, to be enjoyed all over again.

While we can’t immediately change the world and the way we recycle right away, with a little help and understanding we can make a difference now.

Blog completed by Recycle Your Tec
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Tech History – Windows 95

Tech History – Windows 95

Tech History – Windows 95

Windows 95

Windows 95 Released

Kicking off one of the largest product launches in technology history, Microsoft releases the highly anticipated Windows 95. More than one million copies was sold in the first four days of its release, Windows 95 release included a commercial featuring The Rolling Stones’ 1981 single “Start Me Up” (a reference to the Start button)

Windows 95 merged Microsoft’s formerly separate MS-DOS and Windows products, improvements over its predecessor, Windows 3.1, most notably in the graphical user interface (GUI) and in its simplified “plug-and-play” features. There were also major changes made to the core components of the operating system, such as moving from a mainly co-operatively multitasked 16-bit architecture to a 32-bit preemptive multitasking architecture.

Dependence on MS-DOS
To end-users, MS-DOS appears as an underlying component of Windows 95. For example, it is possible to prevent the loading of the graphical user interface and boot the system into a real-mode MS-DOS environment. This sparked debate amongst users and professionals regarding the extent to which Windows 95 is an operating system or merely a graphical shell running on top of MS-DOS

User interface
Windows 95 introduced a redesigned shell based around a desktop metaphor; the desktop was re-purposed to hold shortcuts to applications, files and folders.

In Windows 3.1 the desktop was used to display icons of running applications. In Windows 95, the currently running applications were displayed as buttons on a taskbar across the bottom of the screen. The taskbar also contained a notification area used to display icons for background applications, a volume control and the current time.

The Start menu, invoked by clicking the “Start” button on the taskbar, was introduced as an additional means of launching applications or opening documents. While maintaining the program groups used by its predecessor Program Manager, it also displayed applications within cascading sub-menus.

Windows 95 originally shipped without Internet Explorer, and the default network installation did not install TCP/IP, the network protocol used on the Internet. At the release date of Windows 95, Internet Explorer 1.0 was available, but only in the Plus! add-on pack for Windows 95, which was a separate product. The Plus! Pack did not reach as many retail consumers as the operating system itself.

Legacy
Many features that have since become key components of the Microsoft Windows series, such as the Start menu and the taskbar, originated in Windows 95. Neil MacDonald, a Gartner analyst, said that Windows 95 “was a quantum leap in difference in technological capability and stability.” Ina Fried of CNET said that “by the time Windows 95 was finally ushered off the market in 2001, it had become a fixture on computer desktops around the world.

Three years after its introduction, Windows 95 was succeeded by Windows 98. Microsoft ended support for Windows 95 on December 31, 2001.

Happy 23rd Birthday Windows 95.

This blog was completed by Recycle Your Tec
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Battery Life Tips

Battery Life Tips

Battery Life Tips

Battery Life Tips

Everyone has been there, looking for the nearest plug in a restaurant, bar and even the airport when our devices have used every last percentage of battery, regardless of what’s caused it, there are some ways to increase battery life.

Your devices have a finite number of times they can be changed,  Your average iPhone battery will last between 300-500 battery charges before its charge capacity is reduced to 80%, so here a a few tips to make the most out of your batteries.

100% charged

When you’re charging a device its best to ensure it’s always charged to 100%. We can’t be sure if a partial charge is considered as part of the charge cycle ( battery charges )  but it creates heat and energy so it does wear down the battery in the same way as a normal charge.

Don’t leave It Plugged In

It’s also advised not to leave your laptop or phone plugged in when it’s fully charged. Unfortunately, most people leave their mobile and laptop plugged in overnight; which means currents are passing through the battery for a long period of time. By doing this you will eventually start causing the battery to corrode. Once your alarm has gone off in the morning, plug it in for a charge in airplane mode,by the time you’ve had breakfast and got ready for the day your device should be charged.

For laptops, it’s best to plug it in while you’re working. Don’t leave it plugged in indefinitely though; it will mean that the battery life is poor when you eventually need it.

Use the correct cable

It might sound silly when phone companies get you to buy their cables when yours has gone missing, but it’s potentially dangerous not to. Cables and plugs can pass different levels of electricity through to your device. If a cable gives your phone/laptop extra electricity, it may charge faster but cause damage to the battery.

Background Activity

Apples users

You can turn off the feature that allows apps to refresh in the background. Go to Settings > General > Background App Refresh and set the switch to Off.

Android users

Almost all smartphones have extra power saving mode, they are great and definitely something to be using, to see what’s using most of the battery, Navigate to Settings > Battery to see an organized breakdown of what’s consuming your phone’s battery. Applications and features will display in a descending list of battery hogs. If you see an application you barely use or a feature you never use, you’ll want to uninstall the app or turn off the feature.

Brightness.

Turn down the brightness and turn off Automatic Brightness, this is massively help with battery life on your phone, laptop and tablets.

Finally….

Buy a battery case or larger extended battery. Battery cases combine a hardware enclosure, which protects your phone, with an extended battery that can double your phone’s endurance.

We use our technology more than ever before, protect the batteries life, you will notice the benefit of this when it comes to a time your unable to find a plug.

This Blog was completed by Recycle Your Tec.

View our website here.

 

Core Processors Explained

Core Processors Explained

Core Processors Explained

 

Core processors explained

Thinking of recycling your used tehcnology, be it from a school, business or chairtiy, we here at Recycle You Tec will be able to assist you in doing just that, but what do you do next, well 90% of the time people are looking to upgrade there items, we’ve put together some information on the most common Core processors to help you make the correct choice once you have recycled your used items. ~Recycle You Tec is partned with ALM Wholesale LTD the market leader in Distribution of wholsesale technology, namly laptops, they offer a large range of Core processors at low prices, why not recycle with recycle your tec and upgrade with ALM Wholesale LTD today.

What is a core in a processor?

A quad-core processor is a chip with four independent units called cores that read and execute central processing unit (CPU) instructions such as add, move data, and branch. Within the chip, each core operates in conjunction with other circuits such as cache, memory management, and input/output (I/O) ports.

What’s the difference between i3 i5 and i7 processors?

For the most part, you’ll get faster CPU performance from the Core i5 parts over Core i3. Some Core i5 processors are dual-core and some are quad-core. Most of the time, a true quad-core CPU will perform better than a dual-core processor, especially on multimedia tasks like video transcoding or photo editing

The most confusing part of buying a computer is the bewildering array of CPUs (also known as processors) on offer. Which? explains what you should be looking out for and what sort of processor is best for which task. If you’re buying a computer, chances are it’ll have an Intel processor on board, although a small number come with AMD chips. In this guide, we’ll explain what different Intel processor models mean and what sort of user they’re best suited for.

Intel Atom –

Tiny tablets Atom processors heralded the arrival of ultra-thin, ultra-light laptops in the mid-2000s. These chips offered four cores for sprightly everyday computing performance. Nowadays, these chips are generally relegated to very cheap Windows tablets costing under £200. They’re not fast by any means, but they make up for their lack of oomph with impressive battery life figures and their ability to fit into very thin devices.

Intel Celeron and Pentium –

Cheap laptops and very cheap desktops Celeron and Pentium processors are at the very bottom of Intel’s range. You might be familiar with the Pentium brand, with the name being a mainstay of more powerful computers of the late 1990s. Nowadays, it sits just above Celeron in terms of performance. Newer Pentium models, such as those launched in 2017 onwards, are becoming more common on laptops costing between £250 and £300. These chips are power-efficient, meaning they’re great when you want a laptop with a long battery life. They’re perfectly usable for web browsing and basic office work. You can also find Celerons inside some very cheap desktops. These machines tend to score very poorly in our tests and negate many of the advantages you get from having bought a desktop in the first place. We don’t tend to recommend them.

Intel Core i3, i5 and i7,

More complicated than they seem This is where things start to get a little bit confusing and is where Intel’s naming convention disguises how powerful a laptop actually is.   When looking at what sort of processor a computer has, be sure to check the full specification sheet to see the precise processor model. This makes a big difference to how powerful your PC will be. For example, a computer that’s labelled as having a ‘Core i5’ processor could have any number of different specifications. Taking the Core i5 example, your computer could have any of the following, and many beyond that as well: Core i5-7400, Core i5 7600K, Core i5 7300U, Core i5-7500HQ, Core i5-7400T and Core i5 7Y57. The trend applies to i3 and i7 chips, too. Note the different four-digit number and the trailing letter (or the Y in one case). It’s the trailing letter (suffix) that gives you the most information about what sort of processor you’re looking at. No suffix: This is a standard desktop processor, generally with four cores and a high clock speed for excellent everyday performance and the ability to edit videos and photos at high speed. T suffix: Found in smaller desktops and AIO PCs. These chips are functionally the same as those without a suffix and have the same number of cores, but with a slower clock speed. K suffix: The highest-performance processor you’ll find in a computer you can buy on the high street. Similar to a chip with no suffix, but generally with a higher clock speed. These chips can be ‘overclocked’ by those with technical knowledge. U suffix: ‘Ultra’ low power. These chips generally have two cores (although newer models now have four cores) and are among the slowest processors with Core i branding. These chips can often be found in cheaper AIO PCs and in many laptops. They can be suitable for photo and video editing, but tend to be a lot slower when performing tasks such as exporting files to disk. If you’re looking for a photo-editing machine, pick a Core i5 or even try to stretch to an i7. HQ suffix: Generally found in powerful laptops and normally come with four cores. Perfect for video and photo editing, but sacrifices battery life and portability. Y in the middle: Y are the lowest-power chips you can find. They aren’t really suitable for photo or video editing but will be fine for lighter tasks. The advantage of choosing one of these is very good performance for lighter tasks, coupled with a longer battery life. Laptops that use this chip tend to have fanless designs, meaning they’re totally silent and very thin.

Plus In April 2018, Intel announced Intel Core i3+, i5+ and i7+. This new naming convention shows when an Intel Optane SSD is installed in a computer. Optane works out which files and programs you use most and moves them to an ultra-fast SSD for better performance. You don’t have to manage this yourself; it’s done completely automatically and doesn’t affect where you’ll find your files on your PC. Core i9 In 2017, Intel introduced the Core i9 product lines. These are hugely expensive processors for PCs that cost in excess of £800. The company also introduced i9 chips to laptops in 2018. Again, these are reserved to powerful laptops designed for high-end work such as video editing.

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